Types of Cancer
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL) originates in the body’s immune system called the lymphatic system. This system includes the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland, and bone marrow. In Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, white blood cells called lymphocytes grow abnormally and form into tumors that can be found throughout the body. Two common forms of NHL are Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Most NHL results from B-cells which fight infection by producing antibodies. Instead of dying, B-Cells continue and the body create new ones causing an overcrowding of the lymph nodes resulting in swelling. T cells that kill foreign objects directly can also be infected and grow similarly as cancerous B cells.
What you should know
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma can affect more than the lymph nodes expanding to other areas of the lymphatic system that includes lymphatic vessels, tonsils and adenoids, bone marrow, thymus, and the spleen. It is rare that it can affect other organs outside of the system but it can occur on occasion. The cause for NHL is unknown but it is more prevalent with those that are older age, have weakened immune systems due to medications, or have certain viral or bacterial infections like HIV, Epstein-Barr, and the ulcer-causing bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
Signs of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma often include a swelling of areas where there are lymph nodes like the neck, armpits, or groin. Swelling can also occur in the abdomen with accompanying pain. Weight loss, fatigue, night sweats, fever, and trouble breathing also are common symptoms.
Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are common conventional treatments for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma which can be very aggressive on the body. Other less invasive therapies to consider include more innovative methods that include immunotherapies. Schedule a consult with our medical staff to better understand how Dayspring Cancer Clinic can help you with your therapy options.